Freight traffic is the general size of the transported cargo for one enterprise, one sphere, or the whole country. Such a definition is usually used in informational articles and is often discussed in the market of cargo transportation. As for the indicators, specialists often use such terms as pound-feet and a total tonnage of the transportations. These are numbers that prove the efficiency of enterprise, industry, or state activity.
Almost every business uses the services of local freight forwarding companies. Every kind of transport differs from others. If you want to measure the size of shipment transportation in a region or country, you should use two measurement units. Total estimation of shipment in pounds allows us to describe a quality of certain vehicle functioning. Moreover, freight traffic indicators help to estimate activity between regions or countries, as well as the quality of their interaction in the transportation sphere. In addition, it makes it possible to analyze the bandwidth of an object for further route development.
Delivery of oversized, refrigerators and combined cargo is getting more and more popular, so the freight traffic indicators are increasing. It leads to economic development and improvement of the market relations between countries. A crisis affects the quality and amount of freight traffic indicators. Any unstable situation affects economic ties negatively, and the companies lose the opportunity to plan transportation schemes and potential success.
Let’s consider distinguishing features for various vehicles.
- Railway transport. The wider the geography of delivery, the more time and effort are needed for the organization. Railway cargo transportation in containers is one of the most popular and profitable ways in large countries that have developed railway systems. The construction of new lines, fuel economy and an opportunity to deliver any kind of shipment make railway transport to be the most optimal one.
- Water transport. It is a rather affordable kind of transportation. But it is actually for the regions that have access to river and sea ports.
- Automobile transport. It is the most common way of shipping, especially when you need to transfer goods across the country. Quality depends on the road condition and route, in which all nuances and difficulties are considered. Delivery is performed exactly to the destination point which increases the freight traffic efficiency.
- Air transportation. It is the most expensive and fastest way of freight traffic between countries. This vehicle is used when there is an emergency or you should send perishable goods.
To estimate the level of market and economic relations and determine the level of freight traffic development in a certain sphere, specialists make systemic activity analysis or cargo monitoring. Such an approach allows one to determine the efficiency of activity in a certain sphere or industry and its role in economic development.